For appraisals, lessons, sheet music, and instruments in MI, Detroit offers great music lessons for the flute. These lessons teach basic concepts that are imperative to understanding and analyzing any music.
Beat rhythm is one of the most definitive aspects of any musical piece. Western music theory tends to prefer measures that are evenly divided into groups of two or three. While this is not universal in world music, it does provide a good framework for understanding, dividing and analyzing any piece of music.
At the beginning of a piece of music, western music notation defines the meter by means of a time signature. This time signature is expressed as a fraction, such as 2/4, 3/4 or 4/4. You will find more complex time signatures in some music, particularly in the experimental music of the 20th Century. By and large, however, most time signatures will simply consist of a fraction. The top number in the time signature denotes how many beats are in a measure and the bottom number denotes what type of note constitutes a full beat. The system is based on quarters, so a bottom number of 1 equals one whole note, a bottom number of 2 equals one half note, 4 equals one quarter note, and so forth. There are two types of meter that define the majority of Western music: simple and compound.
Simple Meter: Simple meter is the term used to describe music meter where the measure can be divided evenly into two equal parts. For example, a measure of 2/4 music can be divided into two beats comprised of one quarter note, hence it is a simple time signature.
Compound Meter: If you can divide a measure of music into even groups of three, the meter is said to be compound. Waltz time is the most famous of these time signatures, and there are many fine examples you can look to so that you can get an idea of how compound meter sounds. Strauss is a particularly good composer to listen to for examples of waltz time, which is mathematically expressed as 3/4 time.
The time signature provides the framework for the beat rhythm, but the note values define it in practice. Western music uses a system based on halves, as explained in relation to the bottom number of the time signature. A whole note constitutes one full beat, a half note one half of a beat, a quarter note one quarter of a beat and so forth. This is combined with the tempo of the piece to arrive at the proper amount of time each note should be sounded for. As an example, a tempo of 60 means that there would be sixty full beats in one minute. If the time signature was 4/4, which means that a quarter note constitutes one full beat, then a quarter note should be sounded for one full second and all other notes should be sounded for a length of time relative to that base measure.
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